工具与资源

[ Linux VPS ] Debian(Ubuntu)网络安装/重装系统一键脚本

ChiGer · 9月24日 · 2019年 · · ·

背景:

适用于由GRUB引导的CentOS,Ubuntu,Debian系统.
使用官方发行版去掉模板预装的软件.
同时也可以解决内核版本与软件不兼容的问题。
只要有root权限,还您一个纯净的系统


注意:

全自动安装默认root密码:Vicer,安装完成后请立即更改密码.
请使用 passwd root 命令更改密码.
特别注意:OpenVZ构架不适用.


更新:

1.[2018.04.03] 功能合并: [ Linux VPS ] Debian/Ubuntu/CentOS 网络安装/重装系统/纯净安装 一键脚本

2.[2018.03.30] 优化GRUB检测测逻辑.添加组件依赖检测.修复一些已知BUG.

3.[2018.03.25] 优化判断逻辑.增加手动指定网络参数选项,可有效避免自动获取网络参数无效造成无法直接联网的问题.

4.[2017.11.25] 重新规范参数-d/-u.

5.[2017.11.22] 增加自动dd安装Windows功能,点击查看详情.

6.[2017.08.06]

增加支持重装为Ubuntu系统
安装Ubuntu时,必须使用版本代号.
如有必要,请使用--mirror自行更换软件源.
使用方法示例:

以自动模式安装Ubuntu 16.04 64位为例:


bash DebianNET.sh -u xenial -v 64 -a

1.[2017.07.05] 修复在独服上安装的一些由硬盘引起的问题.修复在CentOS6上判断网卡出错的问题.

2.[2017.06.25] 适配了由较老GRUB版本引导的CentOS6等系统.去除-cn参数,此参数作用不大.添加-apt/--mirror参数,用于指定源(需完整的镜像源地址).

用法示例:


--mirror 'http://ftp.riken.jp/Linux/debian/debian/'
--mirror 'http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/debian/'

3.[2017.06.24] 由公网探测IP地址,改为本机探测IP地址.适配更加广泛.

4.[2017.06.23] 修复Debian9不能使用root登陆的问题.移除对于route命令的依赖,使用ip命令并计算子网掩码.修复使用ls命令时的一个错误警告.增加-cn参数,使国内机器下载所需资源更加迅速.

5.[2017.06.20] 增加对Debian9的支持,支持全自动化安装.未做大量测试,有问题请反馈.

6.[2017.06.09] 添加支持从CentOS7运行全自动化安装Debian.理论上支持由grub2引导的系统(CentOS6grub引导,故不支持.).优化判断逻辑,删除 -t参数.添加-a参数(全自动化安装)-m参数(从VNC模式安装)

7.[2017.06.05] 修复全自动安装Debian8会出现卡住和不能使用root密码登陆的问题.

8.[2017.06.04] 增加全自动方式安装,实现在无救援模式,无VNC的情况下安装Debian.已在AWS Lightsail(Ubuntu),DigitalOcean,UltraVPS.eu通过测试.默认root密码:Vicer,安装完成后请立即更改密码.使用 passwd root 命令更改密码.

9.[2017.03.28]增加了一个之参数选项;此参数用于手动指定机器的虚拟化类型。一般情况下不需要指定此参数。

10.[2017.03.25]修复了一些已知问题。


需要:

1.Debian/Ubuntu/CentOS 系统(由GRUB引导);
2.wget 用来下载文件,获取公网IP;
3.ip 获取网关,掩码等;
4.sed awk grep 处理文本流;
5.VNC 安装系统(此项为可选)。


 


确保安装了所需软件:


#Debian/Ubuntu:
apt-get install -y gawk sed grep

#RedHat/CentOS:
yum install -y gawk sed grep

如果出现了错误,请运行:


#Debian/Ubuntu:
apt-get update

#RedHat/CentOS:
yum update

一键下载及使用:


wget --no-check-certificate -qO DebianNET.sh 'https://moeclub.org/attachment/LinuxShell/DebianNET.sh' && chmod a+x DebianNET.sh

Usage:
        bash DebianNET.sh       -d/--debian [dist-name]
                                -u/--ubuntu [dist-name]
                                -v/--ver [32/i386|64/amd64]
                                --ip-addr/--ip-gate/--ip-mask
                                -apt/--mirror
                                -dd/--image
                                -a/-m

全自动/非全自动示例:

全自动安装:


bash DebianNET.sh -d wheezy -v i386 -a

VNC手动安装:


bash DebianNET.sh -d wheezy -v i386 -m

全自动安装(指定网络参数):


# 将X.X.X.X替换为自己的网络参数.
# --ip-addr :IP Address/IP地址
# --ip-gate :Gateway   /网关
# --ip-mask :Netmask   /子网掩码
#bash DebianNET.sh -d wheezy -v i386 -a --ip-addr X.X.X.X --ip-mask X.X.X.X --ip-gate X.X.X.X

使用示例:

【默认】安装Debian 7 x32:

bash DebianNET.sh -d wheezy -v i386
bash DebianNET.sh -d 7 -v 32

安装Debian 8 x64:

bash DebianNET.sh -d jessie -v amd64
bash DebianNET.sh -d 8 -v 64

安装Debian 9 x64:

bash DebianNET.sh -d stretch -v amd64
bash DebianNET.sh -d 9 -v 64

安装Ubuntu 14.04 x64:

bash DebianNET.sh -u trusty -v 64

安装Ubuntu 16.04 x64:

bash DebianNET.sh -u xenial -v 64

安装Ubuntu 18.04 x64:

bash DebianNET.sh -u bionic -v 64

【默认】预览:

InstallOS


完整代码:

#!/bin/bash

export tmpVER=''
export tmpDIST=''
export tmpURL=''
export tmpWORD=''
export tmpMirror=''
export tmpSSL=''
export tmpINS=''
export tmpFW=''
export ipAddr=''
export ipMask=''
export ipGate=''
export linuxdists=''
export ddMode='0'
export setNet='0'
export isMirror='0'
export FindDists='0'

while [[ $# -ge 1 ]]; do
  case $1 in
    -v|--ver)
      shift
      tmpVER="$1"
      shift
      ;;
    -d|--debian)
      shift
      linuxdists='debian'
      tmpDIST="$1"
      shift
      ;;
    -u|--ubuntu)
      shift
      linuxdists='ubuntu'
      tmpDIST="$1"
      shift
      ;;
    -dd|--image)
      shift
      ddMode='1'
      tmpURL="$1"
      shift
      ;;
    -p|--password)
      shift
      tmpWORD="$1"
      shift
      ;;
    --ip-addr)
      shift
      ipAddr="$1"
      shift
      ;;
    --ip-mask)
      shift
      ipMask="$1"
      shift
      ;;
    --ip-gate)
      shift
      ipGate="$1"
      shift
      ;;
    -a|--auto)
      shift
      tmpINS='auto'
      ;;
    -m|--manual)
      shift
      tmpINS='manual'
      ;;
    -apt|--mirror)
      shift
      isMirror='1'
      tmpMirror="$1"
      shift
      ;;
    -ssl)
      shift
      tmpSSL="$1"
      shift
      ;;
    --firmware)
      shift
      tmpFW='1'
      ;;
    *)
      echo -ne " Usage:\n\tbash DebianNET.sh\t-d/--debian [\033[33m\033[04mdists-name\033[0m]\n\t\t\t\t-u/--ubuntu [\033[04mdists-name\033[0m]\n\t\t\t\t-v/--ver [32/\033[33m\033[04mi386\033[0m|64/amd64]\n\t\t\t\t--ip-addr/--ip-gate/--ip-mask\n\t\t\t\t-apt/--mirror\n\t\t\t\t-dd/--image\n\t\t\t\t-a/--auto\n\t\t\t\t-m/--manual\n"
      exit 1;
      ;;
    esac
  done

[[ "$EUID" -ne '0' ]] && echo "Error:This script must be run as root!" && exit 1;

function CheckDependence(){
FullDependence='0';
for BIN_DEP in `echo "$1" |sed 's/,/\n/g'`
  do
    if [[ -n "$BIN_DEP" ]]; then
      Founded='0';
      for BIN_PATH in `echo "$PATH" |sed 's/:/\n/g'`
        do
          ls $BIN_PATH/$BIN_DEP >/dev/null 2>&1;
          if [ $? == '0' ]; then
            Founded='1';
            break;
          fi
        done
      if [ "$Founded" == '1' ]; then
        echo -en "$BIN_DEP\t\t[\033[32mok\033[0m]\n";
      else
        FullDependence='1';
        echo -en "$BIN_DEP\t\t[\033[31mfail\033[0m]\n";
      fi
    fi
  done
if [ "$FullDependence" == '1' ]; then
  exit 1;
fi
}

clear && echo -e "\n\033[36m# Check Dependence\033[0m\n"
CheckDependence wget,awk,grep,sed,cut,cat,cpio,gzip

[ "$ddMode" == '1' ] && {
CheckDependence iconv
}

[[ -f '/boot/grub/grub.cfg' ]] && GRUBOLD='0' && GRUBDIR='/boot/grub' && GRUBFILE='grub.cfg';
[[ -z "$GRUBDIR" ]] && [[ -f '/boot/grub2/grub.cfg' ]] && GRUBOLD='0' && GRUBDIR='/boot/grub2' && GRUBFILE='grub.cfg';
[[ -z "$GRUBDIR" ]] && [[ -f '/boot/grub/grub.conf' ]] && GRUBOLD='1' && GRUBDIR='/boot/grub' && GRUBFILE='grub.conf';
[ -z "$GRUBDIR" -o -z "$GRUBFILE" ] && echo -ne "Error! \nNot Found grub path.\n" && exit 1;

[[ -n "$tmpVER" ]] && {
  [ "$tmpVER" == '32' -o "$tmpVER" == 'i386' ] && VER='i386';
  [ "$tmpVER" == '64' -o "$tmpVER" == 'amd64' ] && VER='amd64';
}
[[ -z "$VER" ]] && VER='i386';

[[ -z "$linuxdists" ]] && linuxdists='debian';

[[ "$isMirror" == '1' ]] && [[ -n "$tmpMirror" ]] && {
  tmpDebianMirror="$(echo -n "$tmpMirror" |grep -Eo '.*\.(\w+)')";
  echo -n "$tmpDebianMirror" |grep -q '://';
  [[ $? -eq '0' ]] && {
    DebianMirror="$(echo -n "$tmpDebianMirror" |awk -F'://' '{print $2}')";
  } || {
    DebianMirror="$(echo -n "$tmpDebianMirror")";
  }
} || {
  [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && DebianMirror='httpredir.debian.org';
  [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]] && DebianMirror='archive.ubuntu.com';
}

[[ -z "$DebianMirrorDirectory" ]] && [[ -n "$DebianMirror" ]] && [[ -n "$tmpMirror" ]] && {
  DebianMirrorDirectory="$(echo -n "$tmpMirror" |awk -F''${DebianMirror}'' '{print $2}' |sed 's/\/$//g')";
}

[[ -n "$DebianMirror" ]] && {
  [[ "$DebianMirrorDirectory" == '/' ]] && {
    [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && DebianMirrorDirectory='/debian';
    [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]] && DebianMirrorDirectory='/ubuntu';
  }
  [[ -z "$DebianMirrorDirectory" ]] && {
    [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && DebianMirrorDirectory='/debian';
    [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]] && DebianMirrorDirectory='/ubuntu';
  }
}

[[ -z "$tmpDIST" ]] && {
  [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && DIST='wheezy';
  [[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]] && DIST='trusty';
}

[[ -z "$DIST" ]] && {
  DIST="$(echo "$tmpDIST" |sed -r 's/(.*)/\L\1/')";
  echo "$DIST" |grep -q '[0-9]';
  [[ $? -eq '0' ]] && {
    isDigital="$(echo "$DIST" |grep -o '[0-9\.]\{1,\}' |sed -n '1h;1!H;$g;s/\n//g;$p' |cut -d'.' -f1)";
    [[ -n $isDigital ]] && {
      [[ "$isDigital" == '7' ]] && DIST='wheezy';
      [[ "$isDigital" == '8' ]] && DIST='jessie';
      [[ "$isDigital" == '9' ]] && DIST='stretch';
      [[ "$isDigital" == '10' ]] && DIST='buster';
    }
  }
}

[[ "$ddMode" == '1' ]] && {
  [[ -n "$tmpURL" ]] && {
    linuxdists='debian';
    DIST='jessie';
    VER='amd64';
    tmpINS='auto';
    DDURL="$tmpURL"
    echo "$DDURL" |grep -q '^http://\|^ftp://\|^https://';
    [[ $? -ne '0' ]] && echo 'Please input vaild URL,Only support http://, ftp:// and https:// !' && exit 1;
    [[ -n "$tmpSSL" ]] && SSL_SUPPORT="$tmpSSL";
    [[ -z "$SSL_SUPPORT" ]] && SSL_SUPPORT='https://moeclub.org/get-wget_udeb_amd64';
  } || {
    echo 'Please input vaild URL! ';
    exit 1;
  }
}

DistsList="$(wget --no-check-certificate -qO- "http://$DebianMirror$DebianMirrorDirectory/dists/" |grep -o 'href=.*/"' |cut -d'"' -f2 |sed '/-\|old\|Debian\|experimental\|stable\|test\|sid\|devel/d' |grep '^[^/]' |sed -n '1h;1!H;$g;s/\n//g;s/\//\;/g;$p')";
for CheckDEB in `echo "$DistsList" |sed 's/;/\n/g'`
  do
    [[ "$CheckDEB" == "$DIST" ]] && FindDists='1';
    [[ "$FindDists" == '1' ]] && break;
  done
[[ "$FindDists" == '0' ]] && {
  echo -ne '\nThe dists version not found, Please check it! \n\n'
  bash $0 error;
  exit 1;
}

[[ -n "$tmpINS" ]] && {
  [[ "$tmpINS" == 'auto' ]] && inVNC='n';
  [[ "$tmpINS" == 'manual' ]] && inVNC='y';
}

[ -n "$ipAddr" ] && [ -n "$ipMask" ] && [ -n "$ipGate" ] && setNet='1';
[[ -n "$tmpWORD" ]] && myPASSWORD="$tmpWORD";
[[ -n "$tmpFW" ]] && INCFW="$tmpFW";
[[ -z "$myPASSWORD" ]] && myPASSWORD='Vicer';
[[ -z "$INCFW" ]] && INCFW='0';

clear && echo -e "\n\033[36m# Install\033[0m\n"

ASKVNC(){
  inVNC='y';
  [[ "$ddMode" == '0' ]] && {
    echo -ne "\033[34mCan you login VNC?\033[0m\e[33m[\e[32my\e[33m/n]\e[0m "
    read tmpinVNC
    [[ -n "$tmpinVNC" ]] && inVNCtmp="$tmpinVNC"
  }
  [ "$inVNCtmp" == 'y' -o "$inVNCtmp" == 'Y' ] && inVNC='y';
  [ "$inVNCtmp" == 'n' -o "$inVNCtmp" == 'N' ] && inVNC='n';
}

[ "$inVNC" == 'y' -o "$inVNC" == 'n' ] || ASKVNC;
[[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && LinuxName='Debian';
[[ "$linuxdists" == 'ubuntu' ]] && LinuxName='Ubuntu';
[[ "$ddMode" == '0' ]] && { 
  [[ "$inVNC" == 'y' ]] && echo -e "\033[34mManual Mode\033[0m insatll \033[33m$LinuxName\033[0m [\033[33m$DIST\033[0m] [\033[33m$VER\033[0m] in VNC. "
  [[ "$inVNC" == 'n' ]] && echo -e "\033[34mAuto Mode\033[0m insatll \033[33m$LinuxName\033[0m [\033[33m$DIST\033[0m] [\033[33m$VER\033[0m]. "
}
[[ "$ddMode" == '1' ]] && {
  echo -ne "\033[34mAuto Mode\033[0m insatll \033[33mWindows\033[0m\n[\033[33m$DDURL\033[0m]\n"
}

echo -e "\n[\033[33m$LinuxName\033[0m] [\033[33m$DIST\033[0m] [\033[33m$VER\033[0m] Downloading..."
[[ -z "$DebianMirror" ]] && echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mGet debian mirror fail! \n" && exit 1
[[ -z "$DebianMirrorDirectory" ]] && echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mGet debian mirror directory fail! \n" && exit 1
wget --no-check-certificate -qO '/boot/initrd.gz' "http://$DebianMirror$DebianMirrorDirectory/dists/$DIST/main/installer-$VER/current/images/netboot/$linuxdists-installer/$VER/initrd.gz"
[[ $? -ne '0' ]] && echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mDownload 'initrd.gz' failed! \n" && exit 1
wget --no-check-certificate -qO '/boot/linux' "http://$DebianMirror$DebianMirrorDirectory/dists/$DIST/main/installer-$VER/current/images/netboot/$linuxdists-installer/$VER/linux"
[[ $? -ne '0' ]] && echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mDownload 'linux' failed! \n" && exit 1
[[ "$INCFW" == '1' ]] && [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && {
  wget --no-check-certificate -qO '/boot/firmware.cpio.gz' "http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/firmware/$DIST/current/firmware.cpio.gz"
  [[ $? -ne '0' ]] && echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mDownload 'firmware' failed! \n" && exit 1
}

[[ "$setNet" == '1' ]] && {
  IPv4="$ipAddr";
  MASK="$ipMask";
  GATE="$ipGate";
} || {
  DEFAULTNET="$(ip route show |grep -o 'default via [0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.*' |head -n1 |sed 's/proto.*\|onlink.*//g' |awk '{print $NF}')";
  [[ -n "$DEFAULTNET" ]] && IPSUB="$(ip addr |grep ''${DEFAULTNET}'' |grep 'global' |grep 'brd' |head -n1 |grep -o '[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}/[0-9]\{1,2\}')";
  IPv4="$(echo -n "$IPSUB" |cut -d'/' -f1)";
  NETSUB="$(echo -n "$IPSUB" |grep -o '/[0-9]\{1,2\}')";
  GATE="$(ip route show |grep -o 'default via [0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}' |head -n1 |grep -o '[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}')";
  [[ -n "$NETSUB" ]] && MASK="$(echo -n '128.0.0.0/1,192.0.0.0/2,224.0.0.0/3,240.0.0.0/4,248.0.0.0/5,252.0.0.0/6,254.0.0.0/7,255.0.0.0/8,255.128.0.0/9,255.192.0.0/10,255.224.0.0/11,255.240.0.0/12,255.248.0.0/13,255.252.0.0/14,255.254.0.0/15,255.255.0.0/16,255.255.128.0/17,255.255.192.0/18,255.255.224.0/19,255.255.240.0/20,255.255.248.0/21,255.255.252.0/22,255.255.254.0/23,255.255.255.0/24,255.255.255.128/25,255.255.255.192/26,255.255.255.224/27,255.255.255.240/28,255.255.255.248/29,255.255.255.252/30,255.255.255.254/31,255.255.255.255/32' |grep -o '[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}'${NETSUB}'' |cut -d'/' -f1)";
}

[[ -n "$GATE" ]] && [[ -n "$MASK" ]] && [[ -n "$IPv4" ]] || {
echo "Not found \`ip command\`, It will use \`route command\`."
ipNum() {
  local IFS='.';
  read ip1 ip2 ip3 ip4 <<<"$1";
  echo $((ip1*(1<<24)+ip2*(1<<16)+ip3*(1<<8)+ip4)); } SelectMax(){ ii=0; for IPITEM in `route -n |awk -v OUT=$1 '{print $OUT}' |grep '[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}'` do NumTMP="$(ipNum $IPITEM)"; eval "arrayNum[$ii]='$NumTMP,$IPITEM'"; ii=$[$ii+1]; done echo ${arrayNum[@]} |sed 's/\s/\n/g' |sort -n -k 1 -t ',' |tail -n1 |cut -d',' -f2; } [[ -z $IPv4 ]] && IPv4="$(ifconfig |grep 'Bcast' |head -n1 |grep -o '[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}.[0-9]\{1,3\}' |head -n1)"; [[ -z $GATE ]] && GATE="$(SelectMax 2)"; [[ -z $MASK ]] && MASK="$(SelectMax 3)"; [[ -n "$GATE" ]] && [[ -n "$MASK" ]] && [[ -n "$IPv4" ]] || { echo "Error! Not configure network. "; exit 1; } } [[ "$setNet" != '1' ]] && [[ -f '/etc/network/interfaces' ]] && { [[ -z "$(sed -n '/iface.*inet static/p' /etc/network/interfaces)" ]] && AutoNet='1' || AutoNet='0'; [[ -d /etc/network/interfaces.d ]] && { ICFGN="$(find /etc/network/interfaces.d -name '*.cfg' |wc -l)" || ICFGN='0'; [[ "$ICFGN" -ne '0' ]] && { for NetCFG in `ls -1 /etc/network/interfaces.d/*.cfg` do [[ -z "$(cat $NetCFG | sed -n '/iface.*inet static/p')" ]] && AutoNet='1' || AutoNet='0'; [[ "$AutoNet" -eq '0' ]] && break; done } } } [[ "$setNet" != '1' ]] && [[ -d '/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts' ]] && { ICFGN="$(find /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts -name 'ifcfg-*' |grep -v 'lo'|wc -l)" || ICFGN='0'; [[ "$ICFGN" -ne '0' ]] && { for NetCFG in `ls -1 /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-* |grep -v 'lo$' |grep -v ':[0-9]\{1,\}'` do [[ -n "$(cat $NetCFG | sed -n '/BOOTPROTO.*[dD][hH][cC][pP]/p')" ]] && AutoNet='1' || { AutoNet='0' && . $NetCFG; [[ -n $NETMASK ]] && MASK="$NETMASK"; [[ -n $GATEWAY ]] && GATE="$GATEWAY"; } [[ "$AutoNet" -eq '0' ]] && break; done } } [[ ! -f $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE ]] && echo "Error! Not Found $GRUBFILE. " && exit 1; [[ ! -f $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.old ]] && [[ -f $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.bak ]] && mv -f $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.bak $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.old; mv -f $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.bak; [[ -f $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.old ]] && cat $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.old >$GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE || cat $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE.bak >$GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE;

[[ "$GRUBOLD" == '0' ]] && {
  READGRUB='/tmp/grub.read'
  cat $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE |sed -n '1h;1!H;$g;s/\n/+++/g;$p' |grep -oPm 1 'menuentry\ .*\{.*\}\+\+\+' |sed 's/\+\+\+/\n/g' >$READGRUB
  LoadNum="$(cat $READGRUB |grep -c 'menuentry ')"
  if [[ "$LoadNum" -eq '1' ]]; then
    cat $READGRUB |sed '/^$/d' >/tmp/grub.new;
  elif [[ "$LoadNum" -gt '1' ]]; then
    CFG0="$(awk '/menuentry /{print NR}' $READGRUB|head -n 1)";
    CFG2="$(awk '/menuentry /{print NR}' $READGRUB|head -n 2 |tail -n 1)";
    CFG1="";
    for tmpCFG in `awk '/}/{print NR}' $READGRUB`
      do
        [ "$tmpCFG" -gt "$CFG0" -a "$tmpCFG" -lt "$CFG2" ] && CFG1="$tmpCFG";
      done
    [[ -z "$CFG1" ]] && {
      echo "Error! read $GRUBFILE. ";
      exit 1;
    }

    sed -n "$CFG0,$CFG1"p $READGRUB >/tmp/grub.new;
    [[ -f /tmp/grub.new ]] && [[ "$(grep -c '{' /tmp/grub.new)" -eq "$(grep -c '}' /tmp/grub.new)" ]] || {
      echo -ne "\033[31mError! \033[0mNot configure $GRUBFILE. \n";
      exit 1;
    }
  fi
  [ ! -f /tmp/grub.new ] && echo "Error! $GRUBFILE. " && exit 1;
  sed -i "/menuentry.*/c\menuentry\ \'Install OS \[$DIST\ $VER\]\'\ --class debian\ --class\ gnu-linux\ --class\ gnu\ --class\ os\ \{" /tmp/grub.new
  sed -i "/echo.*Loading/d" /tmp/grub.new;
}

[[ "$GRUBOLD" == '1' ]] && {
  CFG0="$(awk '/title /{print NR}' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE|head -n 1)";
  CFG1="$(awk '/title /{print NR}' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE|head -n 2 |tail -n 1)";
  [[ -n $CFG0 ]] && [ -z $CFG1 -o $CFG1 == $CFG0 ] && sed -n "$CFG0,$"p $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE >/tmp/grub.new;
  [[ -n $CFG0 ]] && [ -z $CFG1 -o $CFG1 != $CFG0 ] && sed -n "$CFG0,$CFG1"p $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE >/tmp/grub.new;
  [[ ! -f /tmp/grub.new ]] && echo "Error! configure append $GRUBFILE. " && exit 1;
  sed -i "/title.*/c\title\ \'Install OS \[$DIST\ $VER\]\'" /tmp/grub.new;
  sed -i '/^#/d' /tmp/grub.new;
}

[[ -n "$(grep 'linux.*/\|kernel.*/' /tmp/grub.new |awk '{print $2}' |tail -n 1 |grep '^/boot/')" ]] && Type='InBoot' || Type='NoBoot';

LinuxKernel="$(grep 'linux.*/\|kernel.*/' /tmp/grub.new |awk '{print $1}' |head -n 1)";
[[ -z "$LinuxKernel" ]] && echo "Error! read grub config! " && exit 1;
LinuxIMG="$(grep 'initrd.*/' /tmp/grub.new |awk '{print $1}' |tail -n 1)";
[ -z "$LinuxIMG" ] && sed -i "/$LinuxKernel.*\//a\\\tinitrd\ \/" /tmp/grub.new && LinuxIMG='initrd';

[[ "$Type" == 'InBoot' ]] && {
  sed -i "/$LinuxKernel.*\//c\\\t$LinuxKernel\\t\/boot\/linux auto=true hostname=$linuxdists domain= -- quiet" /tmp/grub.new;
  sed -i "/$LinuxIMG.*\//c\\\t$LinuxIMG\\t\/boot\/initrd.gz" /tmp/grub.new;
}

[[ "$Type" == 'NoBoot' ]] && {
  sed -i "/$LinuxKernel.*\//c\\\t$LinuxKernel\\t\/linux auto=true hostname=$linuxdists domain= -- quiet" /tmp/grub.new;
  sed -i "/$LinuxIMG.*\//c\\\t$LinuxIMG\\t\/initrd.gz" /tmp/grub.new;
}

sed -i '$a\\n' /tmp/grub.new;

[[ "$inVNC" == 'n' ]] && {
GRUBPATCH='0';

[ -f '/etc/network/interfaces' -o -d '/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts' ] || {
  echo "Error, Not found interfaces config.";
  exit 1;
}

INSERTGRUB="$(awk '/menuentry /{print NR}' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE|head -n 1)"
sed -i ''${INSERTGRUB}'i\\n' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE;
sed -i ''${INSERTGRUB}'r /tmp/grub.new' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE;
[[ -f  $GRUBDIR/grubenv ]] && sed -i 's/saved_entry/#saved_entry/g' $GRUBDIR/grubenv;

[[ -d /boot/tmp ]] && rm -rf /boot/tmp;
mkdir -p /boot/tmp;
cd /boot/tmp;
gzip -d < ../initrd.gz | cpio --extract --verbose --make-directories --no-absolute-filenames >>/dev/null 2>&1

cat >/boot/tmp/preseed.cfg<'/boot/tmp/net.tmp';
}
WinNoDHCP(){
  echo -ne "@ECHO OFF\r\ncd\056\076\045windir\045\GetAdmin\r\nif\040exist\040\045windir\045\GetAdmin\040\050del\040\057f\040\057q\040\042\045windir\045\GetAdmin\042\051\040else\040\050\r\necho\040CreateObject^\050\042Shell\056Application\042^\051\056ShellExecute\040\042\045~s0\042\054\040\042\045\052\042\054\040\042\042\054\040\042runas\042\054\040\061\040\076\076\040\042\045temp\045\Admin\056vbs\042\r\n\042\045temp\045\Admin\056vbs\042\r\ndel\040\057f\040\057q\040\042\045temp\045\Admin\056vbs\042\r\nexit\040\057b\040\062\051\r\nfor\040\057f\040\042tokens=\063\052\042\040\045\045i\040in\040\050\047netsh\040interface\040show\040interface\040^|more\040+3\040^|findstr\040\057R\040\042\u672c\u5730\056\052\040\u4ee5\u592a\056\052\040Local\056\052\040Ethernet\042\047\051\040do\040\050set\040EthName=\045\045j\051\r\nnetsh\040-c\040interface\040ip\040set\040address\040name=\042\045EthName\045\042\040source=static\040address=$IPv4\040mask=$MASK\040gateway=$GATE\r\nnetsh\040-c\040interface\040ip\040add\040dnsservers\040name=\042\045EthName\045\042\040address=\070\056\070\056\070\056\070\040index=1\040validate=no\r\nnetsh\040-c\040interface\040ip\040add\040dnsservers\040name=\042\045EthName\045\042\040address=\070\056\070\056\064\056\064\040index=2\040validate=no\r\ncd\040\057d\040\042\045ProgramData\045\057Microsoft\057Windows\057Start\040Menu\057Programs\057Startup\042\r\ndel\040\057f\040\057q\040net\056bat\r\n\r\n" >'/boot/tmp/net.tmp';
}
  [[ "$setNet" == '1' ]] && WinNoDHCP;
  [[ "$setNet" == '0' ]] && {
    [[ "$AutoNet" -eq '1' ]] && WinDHCP;
    [[ "$AutoNet" -eq '0' ]] && WinNoDHCP;
  }
  iconv -f 'UTF-8' -t 'GBK' '/boot/tmp/net.tmp' -o '/boot/tmp/net.bat'
  rm -rf '/boot/tmp/net.tmp'
  echo "$DDURL" |grep -q '^https://'
  [[ $? -eq '0' ]] && {
    echo -ne '\nAdd ssl support...\n'
    [[ -n $SSL_SUPPORT ]] && {
      wget --no-check-certificate -qO- "$SSL_SUPPORT" |tar -x
      [[ ! -f  /boot/tmp/usr/bin/wget ]] && echo 'Error! SSL_SUPPORT.' && exit 1;
      sed -i 's/wget\ -qO-/\/usr\/bin\/wget\ --no-check-certificate\ --retry-connrefused\ --tries=7\ --continue\ -qO-/g' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
      [[ $? -eq '0' ]] && echo -ne 'Success! \n\n'
    } || {
    echo -ne 'Not ssl support package! \n\n';
    exit 1;
    }
  }
}

[[ "$ddMode" == '0' ]] && {
  sed -i '/anna-install/d' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
  sed -i 's/wget.*\/sbin\/reboot\;\ //g' /boot/tmp/preseed.cfg
}
[[ "$INCFW" == '1' ]] && [[ "$linuxdists" == 'debian' ]] && [[ -f '/boot/firmware.cpio.gz' ]] && {
  gzip -d < ../firmware.cpio.gz | cpio --extract --verbose --make-directories --no-absolute-filenames >>/dev/null 2>&1
}
rm -rf ../initrd.gz;
find . | cpio -H newc --create --verbose | gzip -9 > ../initrd.gz;
rm -rf /boot/tmp;
}

[[ "$inVNC" == 'y' ]] && {
  sed -i '$i\\n' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE
  sed -i '$r /tmp/grub.new' $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE
  echo -e "\n\033[33m\033[04mIt will reboot! \nPlease look at VNC! \nSelect\033[0m\033[32m Install OS [$DIST $VER] \033[33m\033[4mto install system.\033[04m\n\n\033[31m\033[04mThere is some information for you.\nDO NOT CLOSE THE WINDOW! \033[0m\n"
  echo -e "\033[35mIPv4\t\tNETMASK\t\tGATEWAY\033[0m"
  echo -e "\033[36m\033[04m$IPv4\033[0m\t\033[36m\033[04m$MASK\033[0m\t\033[36m\033[04m$GATE\033[0m\n\n"

  read -n 1 -p "Press Enter to reboot..." INP
  [[ "$INP" != '' ]] && echo -ne '\b \n\n';
}

chown root:root $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE
chmod 444 $GRUBDIR/$GRUBFILE

sleep 3 && reboot >/dev/null 2>&1


注意事项:
在安装Ubuntu时,可能会遇到:
Getting the time form a network time server...
界面进度条很长时间不会动,可以等待它超时或者更换别的版本.
该问题是Ubuntu系统的问题.


 

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